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The Virtual Forum Against Cybercrime

The Korean Institute of Criminology (KIC) in cooperation with United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has prepared the Virtual Forum against Cybercrime The main goal of the Virtual Forum Against Cybercrime is to provide a training program for law-enforcement personnel to combat cybercrime and practical information on cybercrime for researchers and the public at large.

The Virtual Forum Against Cybercrime has four objectives: first, to deliver technical assistance; second, to provide training and education; third, to build a network of cybercrime research; and fourth, to act as a clearinghouse of research resources in the field of cybercrime control.

The idea of creating a Virtual Forum originally emanated from the 11th UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, held in Bangkok (Thailand) in 2005. In the Declaration adopted by the Congress and later endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly, the Congress noted that:

"In the current period of globalization, information technology and the rapid development of new telecommunication and computer network systems have been accompanied by the abuse of those technologies for criminal purposes. We therefore welcome efforts to enhance and supplement existing cooperation to prevent, investigate and prosecute high-technology and computer-related crime, including by developing partnerships with the private sector. We recognize the important contribution of the United Nations to regional and other international forums in the fight against cybercrime and invite the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, taking into account that experience, to examine the feasibility of providing further assistance in that area under the aegis of the United Nations in partnership with other similarly focused organizations"(A/RES/60/177, para.16).

At the same Congress, KIC organized a workshop on Measures to Combat Computer-Related Crime."The Workshop highlighted the need to strengthen cooperation in combating against cybercrime. In the Workshop, it was noted that;

"... Consideration should be given to the establishment of a virtual forum or online research network to encourage communication among experts throughout the world on the issue of computer-related crime; (para.340 (a)). Technical assistance and training should be provided by UNODC (to States) in order to address the lack of capacity and expertise to deal with the problems of computer-related crime. International cooperation should be developed in the areas of information exchange, research and analysis concerning computer-related crime."(A/CONF.203/18, para. 340 (b).

KIC presented the outcome of the Workshop at the 14th session of the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in 2005. The Crime Commission noted in its report that;

"The observer for the Korean Institute of Criminology made a presentation on the Workshop on Measures to Combat Computer-Related Crime. The Outcome of the Workshop could be practically translated into a proposed technical assistance project on the prevention and control of cybercrime, the scope of which would be the development of a model training course for law enforcement personnel from developing countries with a rolling curriculum that included control and prevention. An expert group meeting was to be held in Seoul in 2006, with the participation of the institutes of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme network and the private sector, to develop the project to produce the model training course. The project would include a virtual expert forum under the auspices of UNODC to facilitate the exchange of information on new trends and approaches in the fight against cybercrime"(E/CN.15/2005/20, para. 52)



沿革


VFAC是韩国刑事政策研究院(Korean Institute of Criminology)与联合国毒品和犯罪问题办公室(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)合作预备的培训网站。VFAC的主要目标为提供培训课程给执法人员打击网络犯罪问题以及供给有用的信息给研究人员与大众。

VFAC有四个目的 : 第一,提供技术上的援助;第二,培训和教育;第三,网络犯罪研究的内置网络;第四,在控制网络犯罪问题上作为网络犯罪和专家之间的信息交流中心。

2005年在泰国曼谷举行的第十一届联合国预防犯罪和刑事司法大会上首次提到建立一个虚拟论坛的想法。经联合国大会批准,大会在本次大会通过的宣言里指出:

"我们注意到,在当前全球化时期,伴随着信息技术以及新的通信和计算机网络系统的飞速发展,出现了为犯罪目的滥用这些技术的现象。我们因此欢迎各种加强和补充现有合作以预防、侦查和起诉高技术犯罪和计算机犯罪的努力,包括通过发展与私营部门的伙伴关系而作出的努力。 我们认识到联合国对各种区域及其他国际论坛在打击电脑犯罪方面所作的重要贡献,请预防犯罪和刑事司法委员会在考虑到这一经验的情况下研究在联合国主持下与其他重点类似的组织合作在该领域提供进一步援助的可行性"(A/RES/60/177, para.16)。

在此大会,韩国刑事政策研究院与第二委员会合作举办了以"采取措施打击计算机犯罪"为专题的讲习班。讲习班强调对于打击网络犯罪加强合作的需求,有关内容如下; "...在这方面,应当考虑建立一个虚拟论坛或在线研究网络,以鼓励全世界专家就计算机犯罪问题开展交流;(para.340(a))。
毒品和犯罪问题办事处应当向各国提供技术援助和培训,以解决缺乏处理计算机犯罪问题的能力和专门知识的问题。应当在就计算机犯罪进行信息交换、研究和分析方面开展国际合作。应当考虑更新《联合国预防和控制计算机犯罪手册》并开发有关培训工具。这些工具应当在国际范围内提供,以便共享关于识别、保护、预防和处理新的网上犯罪类型的方式方法的知识和信息"(A/CONF.203/18, para.340(b))。

2005年, 韩国刑事政策研究院在第十四届联合国预防犯罪和刑事司法委员会展示了讲习班讨论成果。犯罪委员会在报告中指出了以下内容;

"韩国刑事政策研究院的观察员就关于采取措施打击计算机犯罪的讲习班作了专题介绍。该讲习班的结果可实际转化为一个拟议的关于预防和控制电子犯罪的技术援助项目,其范围将包括为发展中国家的执法人员开办一个示范培训班,采用一个包括控制和预防在内的滚动课程。将于2006年在汉城举行一次专家组会议,联合国预防犯罪和刑事司法方案网各研究所以及私营部门将参加会议以制定关于开办示范培训班的项目。该项目将包括在毒品和犯罪问题办事处的支持下设立一个虚拟的专家论坛以便就打击电子犯罪的新趋势和做法交流信息"(E/CN.15/2005/20,para.52)。